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by Sumit Chourasia | Nov 19, 2020 | Category :coding | Tags : algorithm array data-structure leetcode medium

Circular Array Loop - Array - Medium - LeetCode

Circular Array Loop - Array - Medium - LeetCode

You are given a circular array nums of positive and negative integers. If a number k at an index is positive, then move forward k steps. Conversely, if it's negative (-k), move backward k steps. Since the array is circular, you may assume that the last element's next element is the first element, and the first element's previous element is the last element.

Determine if there is a loop (or a cycle) in nums. A cycle must start and end at the same index and the cycle's length > 1. Furthermore, movements in a cycle must all follow a single direction. In other words, a cycle must not consist of both forward and backward movements.

 

Example 1:

Input: [2,-1,1,2,2]
Output: true
Explanation: There is a cycle, from index 0 -> 2 -> 3 -> 0. The cycle's length is 3.
Example 2:

Input: [-1,2]
Output: false
Explanation: The movement from index 1 -> 1 -> 1 ... is not a cycle, because the cycle's length is 1. By definition the cycle's length must be greater than 1.
Example 3:

Input: [-2,1,-1,-2,-2]
Output: false
Explanation: The movement from index 1 -> 2 -> 1 -> ... is not a cycle, because movement from index 1 -> 2 is a forward movement, but movement from index 2 -> 1 is a backward movement. All movements in a cycle must follow a single direction.
 

Note:

-1000 ≤ nums[i] ≤ 1000
nums[i] ≠ 0
1 ≤ nums.length ≤ 5000

public class Solution {
    public bool CircularArrayLoop(int[] nums) {
        int[] color = new int[nums.Length];
        for(int i = 0 ; i < nums.Length ; i++) {
            if(color[i] == 0 && DFS(nums, color, i)) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    
     private bool DFS(int[] nums, int[] color, int start) {
                
        if(color[start] == 2){ 
            return false;
        }
         
        color[start] = 1;
        int next = start + nums[start];
        next = next % nums.Length + nums.Length;
        next %= nums.Length;
        
         if(next == start || nums[next] * nums[start] < 0) {
            color[start] = 2;
            return false;
        }
        
         if(color[next] == 1) {
            color[start] = 2;
            return true;
        }
        
         if(DFS(nums, color, next)){ 
             return true;
         }
        color[start] = 2;
        return false;
    }
}

Time Complexity: O(n)

Space Complexity: O(n)